OPPOSING IDEAS CREATE A NATION – JEFFERSON AND HAMILTON

Jefferson and Hamilton: The Rivalry That Forged a Nation

John Ferling

Publication date: October 1, 2013

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One of my professors in college was Broadus Mitchell. He was the foremost Hamiltonian scholar of his day, author of multiple biographies of Hamilton and associates. Not surprisingly, my freshman year at Hofstra’s New College with Broadus Mitchell was an intensive study of Alexander Hamilton and the founding of America. The textbook was (surprise!) one of the several biographies of Hamilton authored by Broadus Mitchell.

When I was given the opportunity to review this book, I was intrigued. I wondered what the author could tell me I hadn’t read elsewhere and if he could tell the story better or differently, perhaps offer some fresh insights.

I have patience with history books. I don’t expect it to read like fiction. Much to my delight, John Ferling’s opening chapters in which he compares and examines the youth, upbringing and psychological makeup of both men is beautifully written — entertaining and lively. Perceptive. Astute. What drove them, what inspired them to become the men who built America.

All was going swimmingly well for me until the war began. The Revolutionary War.

I am not a war buff. I was not expecting a play-by-play of the revolution. But there it was. Battle by battle, troop movement by troop movement. I could feel my brain switch to off. I’m not sure why the full details of the war are included. Aside from showcasing Hamilton’s military career (doable in a few paragraphs), it adds little to my understanding of either man. As far as I’m concerned, it mainly adds hundreds of pages where a page or two of summary would have sufficed.

If you are a military history buff, you will want to read it. I’ve read other accounts of the military side of the Revolution and this is as good or better than any other book I’ve read on the subject. Perhaps that’s the reason I didn’t want to read it here. It’s your choice. You can choose to skim sections. It’s a long book and there’s plenty of excellent material to engage you. When Ferling is writing about the character and personality of his two extraordinary subjects, he’s brilliant. It makes everything else worthwhile.

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton were two of the most influential men in American history. The author said it well when he commented (sorry, this isn’t a quote … I’m paraphrasing) that there are lots of statues dedicated to Jefferson, but we live in Hamilton’s world. True enough. Hamilton was the consummate advocate of a strong central government with economic control through a central bank. Jefferson advocated extreme individual freedom, leaving most government to local authorities.

It amuses me that Hamilton is the darling of the conservatives while Jefferson is a liberal ideal. Given Hamilton’s belief in strong central government and Jefferson’s preference for isolationism, individualism and decentralization — well, it pretty much defines our nation’s problem with cognitive dissonance.

If you’re a serious history buff, there is much to like, even if not every part of the book is equally gripping .

It is said that “Both men were visionaries, but their visions of the United States were diametrically opposed.” That may have been true in 1780, but it has long ceased to have any relevance. The strands of their initially opposing philosophies have twisted into a single ball. Both strands are necessary to our American dream.

Jefferson and Hamilton is the story of the struggle — public and ultimately personal — between two major figures in our country’s history. It ended when Alexander Hamilton died in a duel with Aaron Burr, Jefferson’s vice president.

Worth reading for sure, but it’s not light entertainment. This is history buff material. Fortunately, there are still a few of us around.

Of all the reviews I’ve written, I’ve gotten the most feedback on this one (especially on Amazon), both pro and con. I didn’t expect that kind of response and it’s a pleasant surprise. Apparently there are still people out there interested in history, interested enough to argue about it. I find that very encouraging. Maybe there’s hope for our future after all!

About the author:

John Ferling is professor emeritus of history at the University of West Georgia. He is the author of many books on American Revolutionary history, including The Ascent of George Washington; Almost a Miracle, an acclaimed military history of the War of Independence; and the award-winning A Leap in the Dark. He and his wife, Carol, live near Atlanta, Georgia.



Categories: American history, Book Review, Books, History, Literature

Tags: , , , , , , ,

3 replies

  1. I’m a conservative, and Hamiltonian. I would like to add at the end of review that in my view why many conservatives champion the ideal of Hamilton is you have to separate yourself from the current state of politics. Hamilton was a proponent of central government and national banking but not in their current image. So as I would like return to smaller government my ideals are to end the FED in its current state, institute a Hamiltonian national bank in more of its original image that the wealthy (not just other banks) and so on could buy stocks in it. The current state of liberalism that we live in today are not entirely Hamiltonian, they’re Wilsonian. The administrative state is not what Hamilton had envisioned. Jefferson has become the ideal of the liberal progressives because of his image of the sage farmer, the man of wisdom, and of the people. The American people couldn’t be sold socialist reform by Marxist, or Lenin. So instead Wilson and FDR corrupted the image of the Jefferson, claiming they were helping the common man. The 17th amendment (Senate election by popular vote) was championed as Jeffersonian principles. It gave the people the vote, but grew federal government, and cut another piece of state sovereignty away from the Union. Jeffersonian liberals are more socialist than Jeffersonian.Its an attempt to sell believes with social reform as a need for the people instead of simply just saying we want to control this aspect of your life.

    A side note is both ideologies are guilty of the above statements, my examples was to illustrate early progressive heroes and their attachment and abuse of Jefferson. A good book on the matter is “Alexander Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth.” by Stephen Knott

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    • You’ve clearly done more studying on this than I have. I don’t think it’s possible to neatly divide politics into separate camps, despite current polarization. It’s not that simple. Be that as it may, neither Jefferson’s nor Hamilton’s ideas fit 21st century USA’s needs. Everything has changed and who changed what is irrelevant. What we do about it is the real issue and I don’t see anyone doing much of anything worth discussing — or even proposing any practical ideas. Sad that we’ve come to this. I want to believe history runs in cycles and we will get back on track. Start acting like a united people who can work together for the good of all.

      Thanks for checking in. I really appreciate it. I am surprised at how much people care about this piece of history. Regardless of your position, that you care about history is a great thing. Without it, we lack a context for current events.

      Like

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