I always wondered about Galahad, why he showed up in some tales but not others and why sometimes Lancelot was called Galahad. Here are the answers!
The grail hero was originally Peredur/Perceval. He is present in the oldest extant “Arthurian” stories and is the most common grail hero in Arthurian literature. He also seems to have the older elements associated with him; the relationship to the Welsh Peredur and the grafting of the story from Phillip of Flanders’ life.
However, as the Arthurian corpus began to grow and develop, there were two problems with the continued use of Perceval in the grail story. For one, he was associated with an established tale involving a buffoon who persevered and gained wisdom through his own efforts. Such literature was simple and had roots deep in the legends of Europe, but did not appeal to the higher echelons of society that were reading grail stories.
The second problem was even greater than the first, that Perceval was not Lancelot. Lancelot grew in popularity from the moment he came off…
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