Time travel makes my brain go “eek.” This is a compliment. Not many things make my brain do backflips and somersaults. Time travel is an impossible concept I cannot understand because it is inherently incomprehensible. Therefore, I love it.

This review contains spoilers, so if you’ve never read this, you might want to stop now and allow yourself to be surprised.

I first read this story by Robert Heinlein long ago as part of a compilation of his classic short stories. After all these years, it remains on the top of the heap of time travel tales. I couldn’t remember its title, so it took me a while to find it. It is called “All You Zombies.”

Heinlein All You Zombies

In a strange infinite loop, a baby girl is mysteriously dropped off at an orphanage in Cleveland in 1945. “Jane” grows up lonely and dejected, not knowing who her parents are, until one day in 1963 she is strangely attracted to a drifter. She has a brief passionate relationship with him and becomes pregnant.

The stranger disappears.

During a weird and complicated birthing, Jane’s doctors discover she actually has two complete sets of sex organs. With her life on the line, the doctors change her from female to male. Jane is now a man. Then …. a mysterious stranger kidnaps her baby leaving Jane a man and childless.

Depressed, lost, he becomes a drunk and a drifter. He eventually, meets a young woman in a bar, who he impregnates during a brief affair. The story contains even more complexities, involving the Time Corps and a bartender. Throughout, everything continues moving forward and backward in time.

Read it, and get your own brain in a twist.

The story is a paradox, impossible yet structured with its own internal logic that you can neither reject nor accept. At which point, my brain goes “Eek!!” Jane is everyone. Everyone is Jane. She is her family: tree, trunk, branches and roots.

I found this amazing diagram on the Heinlein Society’s web page. They have lots of other cool stuff too and if you’re a fan, take a look. You won’t be disappointed.

all-you-zombies-heinlein-time-twisterThe circular logic combined with the impossibility of the sequence where the same person is mother, father, and child forever in an infinite loop — the snake eating its tail — is deliciously mind-blowing. You can get it for your Kindle from Amazon for $1.25, or as part of an anthology of Heinlein short stories. There are several listed on Amazon, new and used.

Heinlein did much of his most creative writing in these early short stories. His later novels are better known today, especially Stranger In a Strange Land. The short stories have been forgotten by many people, but are well worth your time. Most were written for the science fiction fanzines — newsprint magazines that were the primary outlets for sci-fi until the genre broke into mainstream literature in the 1960s. Not only Heinlein, but all the classic great science fiction authors started their careers writing for the fanzines.

I’ve read many hundreds of time travel books and stories over more than 50 years of loving science fiction. But this one, this story, has stuck firmly in my brain as the ultimate paradox where the past, present, and future come together.

All You Zombies is my favorite for good reason. It’s unforgettable. I promise you will never forget it either.


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  2. Started reading your plot spoilers and realized “Didn’t I see that movie?” It was made into Predestination a couple of years ago. I love when Science Fiction stays fresh and undated.


  3. I have not read a lot of Heinlen. David liked Asimov and soon after we met loaned me The End Of Eternity. That book always did my head in but he loved it. I think I will get a copy of All You Zombies as it sounds fascinating in a crazy kind of way.


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  5. Though there is no reference to the book on the ever reliable Wikipedia, I’d have to think this story was the inspiration behind The Hooters’ song of the same name. Of course, maybe time travel was involved to make the 1958 story inspired by the 1982 song…


    • Probably. This is one of the foundation stories in time travel lit. I read it a really long time ago for the first time. I think I was maybe 16, so more than 50 years ago. I forgot, for a long time, the name of the story and I had to google it using the concept. Which, it turned out, was enough since I also knew the author. It’s a story that sticks with you. It’s a real brain twister 🙂 Only about 20 pages long, by the way. It’s not a novella, just a short story.


    • This one is such a mind-bender … it’s hard to forget, which is saying a LOT because almost everything I’ve read recently has been highly forgettable. I can barely remember the books AS I’m reading them.


  6. No one does that conundrum of time travel as well as Heinlein. I had forgotten the name of it, but well recall the story itself. “Door Into Summer” was another, where the hero meets or almost meets himself directly. “The Lincoln Hunters” by Wilson Tucker (1958) was equally fascinating. I started reading SF when I was about 11, in the mid-fifties, when they invented the Science Fiction Book Club and I just absorbed this stuff. I think at that time very few actual novels were written, and those that were were usually long novellas.

    I’m about half way through Waldo but the book has gotten mislaid so the other half will have to wait until it surfaces. I’m blaming the cat on this one. And yes, it’s good or I’d not have gotten this far in it.

    Liked by 1 person

    • These were some of Heinlein’s early work, which was (in my opinion, anyway) his most creative. He became a smoother writer later, but his early stuff was sparkly with ideas. Especially the short stories.

      I LOVE Door Into Summer! Heinlein has “a thing” about cats 🙂


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